Claude Bolling, a jazz pianist and composer with exceptional crossover enchantment whose 1975 album, “Suite for Flute and Jazz Piano,” spent greater than 10 years on the Billboard classical album chart, died on Dec. 29 in Garches, a suburb of Paris. He was 90.
His demise was introduced on his website, which gave no additional particulars.
Mr. Bolling performed and composed in quite a lot of types — the Claude Bolling Huge Band performed recurrently for years on the Méridien Etoile lodge in Paris — and wrote the scores for dozens of films and tv reveals in each France and Hollywood. However “Suite for Flute and Jazz Piano,” written for and recorded with the famed classical flutist Jean-Pierre Rampal, elevated him to a brand new degree of fame.
Though the report drew criticism from each classical and jazz purists as, within the phrases of 1 article, “watered-down jazz with a skinny classical veneer,” the listening public liked it. Information accounts from the mid-Eighties, noting that it was nonetheless on the charts after a decade, stated solely the Pink Floyd album “The Darkish Aspect of the Moon,” launched in 1973, had achieved such longevity at that time. (“Darkish Aspect” remained on the High 200 album chart till 1988 and has periodically returned.)
Mr. Bolling was impressed to pursue different crossover tasks, together with the 1980 album “Picnic Suite,” recorded with Mr. Rampal and the guitarist Alexandre Lagoya. A picture on Mr. Bolling’s web site reveals the Billboard classical album chart from Sept. 4, 1982. “Suite for Flute and Jazz Piano,” in its 343rd week on the chart, sits at No. 5, with “Picnic Suite” at No. 22, his “Toot Suite for Trumpet and Jazz Piano” at No. 27, his “Concerto for Classical Guitar and Jazz Piano” at No. 30 and his “Authentic Boogie Woogie” at No. 39.
“Claude’s music was so vastly interesting,” the flutist Pamela Sklar, who toured with Mr. Bolling for 11 seasons, stated by e mail, “as a result of it distilled attributes of subtle classical and esoteric jazz types into accessible palettes of happiness, pleasure, innocence, pathos, playfulness and sincerity.”
Ms. Sklar interviewed Mr. Bolling in 2010 for an article in Flute Quarterly. He recalled how the success of the 1975 album had modified his fortunes.
“Right now, once I thought of a live performance within the U.S., I may solely think about one thing in a bit of jazz membership in small-town America,” he instructed her. “Due to Jean-Pierre Rampal and this ‘Suite,’ my first live performance was at Carnegie Corridor!”
Mr. Bolling was born on April 10, 1930, in Cannes, France, in a lodge the place his father was the supervisor. His mom performed piano, and he proved to be a prodigy. He spent most of his life in Paris, however in World Warfare II, in the course of the occupation, his mom took him to stay in Good.
“Throughout World Warfare II, once I was a child, jazz was all however banned by the Nazis in my nation,” he instructed The Hartford Courant in 1991. “So I obtained most of my jazz from 78 r.p.m. recordings.”
At 14, he gained an novice jazz piano contest. At 15, returning to Paris on the finish of the struggle, he turned the youngest member of the French Society of Authors, Composers and Publishers of Music.
He performed with varied jazz stars who got here by means of Paris and likewise had his personal septet. He notably admired Duke Ellington, and in 1956 he shaped an enormous band to play Ellington’s music. Within the Nineteen Sixties, the 2 would meet and change into mates.
“Among the many classes I discovered from Ellington,” Mr. Bolling stated in 1991, “is that you simply write particularly for the persona of the instrumental soloists.”
It was a philosophy he employed when Mr. Rampal, who had been impressed with a bit that Mr. Bolling had written for and carried out with the classical pianist Jean-Bernard Pommier on French tv, requested whether or not Mr. Bolling would write one thing for him.
“I wrote ‘Suite for Flute’ for Jean-Pierre,’” Mr. Bolling stated. “Had I written it for an additional, it might be fully totally different. Every musician has his personal voice, and I write for that.”
Mr. Rampal died in 2000.
Ms. Sklar described the enchantment of taking part in the well-known suite.
“The ‘Suite’s’ seven-movement flute half was expertly written and pleasant to play with piano, and particularly with bass and drums,” she stated. “That’s one of many explanation why many classical flutists need to play it; it’s very jazzy, and improvisation is elective. I liked that it additionally included bass flute and alto flute.”
The critic Allan Kozinn, writing in 1982 in The New York Occasions, described the method that Mr. Bolling created that had labored so properly within the suite and in his later works.
“In his crossover items,” he wrote, “Mr. Bolling’s compositional technique includes giving his classical soloist a through-composed half, written in a mode replete with Baroque and classical gestures and allusions to the featured instrument’s repertory and idiomatic makes use of, whereas his personal piano, bass and percussion trio interacts with a light-weight jazz counterpoint.”
Mr. Bolling made quite a few recordings and carried out extensively in France, the US and elsewhere.
“One of the crucial endearing issues about him was his love of music, and his partaking, magnetic persona onstage,” Ms. Sklar stated. “He liked speaking to his audiences and thanking them with encores, which they loved. Generally the encores would proceed for a very long time. Watching from backstage, we might marvel in the event that they’d ever cease!”
The Related Press stated that Mr. Bolling’s spouse of 48 years, Irène Dervize-Sadyker, died in 2017 and that the couple had two sons, David and Alexandre.
Mr. Bolling’s compositions have been typically described as “combining” jazz and classical music, however he had a distinct view.
“I don’t just like the phrase ‘mixture,’” he stated in 1982 in an interview for The Syracuse New Occasions. “That is merely a dialogue between two sorts of music. I’ve made nothing new. This has been happening for a very long time.”
Mr. Bolling favored to have enjoyable on the street. At eating places, he would typically show a selected trick: inserting one piece of silverware over one other, then placing the one in such a manner that it flipped the opposite into his wine or water glass.
“It was funnier when he missed,” Ms. Sklar wrote in Flute Quarterly, “and he didn’t surrender simply.”